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  • Welcome to switzerland.Hoteleu.org

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    The switzerland Hotels Where can we taste the most delicious cheese and chocolates in the world? Where are made the best watches? Where are the biggest and the safest banks or picturesque snow-capped mountains? The answer is very simple: in Switzerland!

    Switzerland is one of the most popular destinations for skiers. You shouldn't miss St Moritz and Davos resorts situated in the southeastern part of the Alps, known for outstanding forests and picturesque views. Have in mind that the fascinating nature of this country with its stunning sights would be heard to exhaust during one visit. We hope you enjoy Switzerland



    Switzerland may be neutral but it's far from flavourless. The fusion of German, French and Italian ingredients has formed a robust national culture, and the country's alpine landscapes have enough zing to reinvigorate the most jaded traveller.

    Goethe summed up Switzerland succinctly as a combination of 'the colossal and the well-ordered'. You can be sure that your trains and letters will be on time. The tidy, just-so precision of Swiss towns is tempered by the lofty splendour of the landscapes that surround them.

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    Best Time To Go



    You can visit Switzerland any time throughout the year. Summer lasts roughly from June to September and offers the most pleasant climate for outdoor pursuits. Unfortunately, you won't be the only tourist during this period, so prices can be high, accommodation hard to find and the mainstream sights crowded. You'll find much better deals and fewer crowds in the shoulder seasons of April-May and late-September-October.

    At any time, as you travel around the country you'll hit many different climatic conditions. The continental climate in the Alps tends to show the greatest extremes between summer and winter. Mid-August to late October generally has fairly settled weather, and is a good period for hiking trips.

    If you're keen on winter sports, resorts in the Alps begin operating in early December, move into full swing around Christmas, and close down when the snow begins to melt in April.

    Switzerland Transportation

    Transportation:

    Railways: total: 4,511 km (2002). Highways: total: 71,011 km; paved: 71,011 km (including 1,638 km of expressways); unpaved: 0 km (2000). Waterways: 65 km; Rhine (Basel to Rheinfelden, Schaffhausen to Bodensee); 12 navigable lakes. Ports and harbors: Basel. Airports: 66 (2002).

    Switzerland History

    History


    Called Helvetia in ancient times, Switzerland in 1291 was a league of cantons in the Holy Roman Empire. Fashioned around the nucleus of three German forest districts of Schwyz, Uri, and Unterwalden, the Swiss Confederation slowly added new cantons. In 1648 the Treaty of Westphalia gave Switzerland its independence from the Holy Roman Empire.

    French revolutionary troops occupied the country in 1798 and named it the Helvetic Republic, but Napoléon in 1803 restored its federal government. By 1815, the French- and Italian-speaking peoples of Switzerland had been granted political equality.

    In 1815, the Congress of Vienna guaranteed the neutrality and recognized the independence of Switzerland. In the revolutionary period of 1847, the Catholic cantons seceded and organized a separate union called the Sonderbund, but they were defeated and rejoined the federation.

    In 1848, the new Swiss constitution established a union modeled on that of the U.S. The federal constitution of 1874 established a strong central government while giving large powers of control to each canton. National unity and political conservatism grew as the country prospered from its neutrality. Its banking system became the world's leading repository for international accounts.

    Strict neutrality was its policy in both world wars. Geneva was the seat of the League of Nations (later the European headquarters of the United Nations) and of a number of international organizations.

    Allegations in the 1990s concerning secret assets of Jewish Holocaust victims deposited in Swiss banks led to international criticism and the establishment of a fund to reimburse the victims and their families.

    Surprisingly, women were not given the right to vote or to hold office until 1971. Switzerland's first woman president—as well as the first Jew to assume the position—was Ruth Dreifuss in 1999.

    In Sept. 2000, the Swiss voted against a plan to cut the number of foreigners in the country to 18% of the population (in 2000 foreigners made up 19.3%). Since 1970, four similar anti-immigration plans have failed.

    On Sept 10, 2002, the Swiss abandoned their long-held neutrality to become the 190th member of the UN.

    In Oct. 2003, Switzerland took a turn to the right when the far-right Swiss People's Party (SVP) had the strongest showing in parliamentary elections, garnering 28% of the vote. Its virulently anti-immigration, anti-EU leader, Christopher Blocher, was given a cabinet position.


    Switzerland Geography

    The Swiss Confederation

    is a landlocked nation state in Central Europe. Countries bordering Switzerland are France to the west, Germany to the north, Austria and Liechtenstein to the east and Italy to the south.

    Bern is the capital city and the seat of the Federal Government and situated on the Swiss plains. Zurich, Basel and Geneva are the main centres of business and industry. Luzern, Lugano and Lausanne are other important centres of culture and tourism. The country is split into 26 Cantons, or small states each of which have their own constitution and elected regional assembly, similar to the United States of America.

    Much of Switzerland is mountainous, with the Alps covering about two thirds of the southern part of the country. The highest peak in Switzerland is Monte Rosa on the Italian border at 4,600m or 15,000 ft. Other spectacular mountains include the Eiger, the Jungfrau and the Matterhorn.

    The north-west border with France has the Jura Mountains which slope up to the Alps through the Swiss Mittelland plateau. Switzerland is well known for its lakes including Lake Geneva on the western frontier with France, Lake Luzern in central Switzerland, Lake Lugano on the southern frontier with Italy and Lake Constance on the western frontier with Germany and Austria.

    Switzerland's enjoys a continental climate, heavily influenced by the mountainous terrain varying according to altitude. The valleys and plains have hot summers and cold winters with the mountains colder throughout the year. Temperatures in the Ticino region in the south tend to be warmer, as does the western part of Lake Geneva. The Alpine geography creates a series of regional microclimates, the Italian Canton of Ticino having an almost Mediterranean climate, to permanent glaciers and snow fields in the high Alps.

    Switzerland Environment

    The

    flora

    and fauna of Switzerland are heavily influenced by the mountainous landscape with deep valleys, lakes and rivers. This remote landscape has contributed to preserving many rare species of plants, birds and animals which have been driven out of areas colonised by humans.

    Coniferous trees are very common as they are hardy enough to survive the harsh cold winters and higher in the Alps there are Alpine pastures and scrub bushes. The hot summers support many rare flowers in the high Alpine pastures, including Eidelweiss. Palm trees can be found in the Canton of Ticino!

    Wolves and lynxes are still found living in the wild. Foxes are increasing in cities and towns. Deer, ibex and chamois, both mountain goats also live wild, mainly in the high Alpine valleys and pastures. Many types of freshwater fish are found in the lakes and rivers, including dace, trout, perch, char, pike and freshwater salmon.

    Birdlife includes swans, ducks, coots, seagulls (which live by the many lakes), sparrows, thrushes and pigeons. The Alpine valleys and mountains support birds of prey like eagles and recently the Bearded Vulture has been reintroduced to the Alps. Despite the reintroduction of birds like the vulture, birdlife is still being harmed by human activities and over 80 species are threatened with extinction.

    Scorpions are found in Switzerland, together with many species of amphibians, including toads, and reptiles, as well as snakes and salamanders.

    Switzerland Architecture

    There are few remains of

    pre-Roman

    civilisations to be found in Switzerland. Some finds have been made of Bronze and Iron Age tombs which provide an insight into how the prehistoric settlers of Switzerland lived. Evidence of Helvetian settlements near to rivers have been found.

    The defeat and integration of the Helvetic tribe by the Romans in the first century BC gave rise to the first well preserved settlements. In Basel there are remains of the Roman colony of Augusta Raurica, which was founded in 1st century BC. These include ruins and monuments, with a traditional Roman Forum and theatre.

    Particularly striking throughout the country are the hundreds of castles, including the Castle of Chillon and Gruyeres Castle, most built in a classic medieval style. Many of the towns and cities have "old towns" dating back to the middle ages, Fribourg has a particularly well preserved medieval old town, with churches and a castle. A feature of some Swiss cities are the covered bridges over rivers running through them. Luzern has two bridges, although one, the, Chapel Bridge was destroyed by fire in 1993 and has been completely rebuilt.

    Switzerland Languages

    There are three official languages in Switzerland reflecting the three main national identities:

    German, French and Italian.

    In practice, many documents also appear in English, which is widely spoken throughout. Most Swiss speak at least two, if not three, languages with one generally being English. Raeto-Romansch is spoken by a very small part of the population in the eastern mountains. Spoken Swiss German, Schwyzertüütsch or Schweizerdeutsch, is very different from the "High" German spoken in Germany, or Hoch Deutsch. There are concerns that the dialects of Schwyzertüütsch spoken in different German speaking Cantons are becoming more distant from the "official" Hoch Deutsch.

    Switzerland City's

    Aarau , Aarberg , Aargau , Adelboden , Aigle , Airolo , Albinen/LEUKERBAD , Albula , Appenzell , Appenzell Ausserrhoden , Appenzell Innerrhoden , Ardez , Arosa , Ascona , Aubonne , Ausserberg , Avenches , Bad Ragaz , Baden , Basel , Beatenberg , Bellinzona , Bergun , Berlingen , Berne , Biasca , Biel , Biel/Bienne , Bivio , Blatten , Boltigen , Bonigen , Bourg-Saint-Pierre , Breil/Brigels , Bremgarten , Brienz , Brig , Bulach , Bulle , Buochs , Burgdorf , Champery , Champex Lac , Charmey , Chateau-d'Oex , Chavannes-de-Bogis , Chur , Cully , Davos , Dielsdorf , Diessenhofen , Dietikon , Egerkingen , Einsiedeln , Engelberg , Eschenz , Feusisberg , Flims , Flueli-Ranft , Frauenfeld , Fribourg , Frutigen , Ftan , Gais , Geneva , Giswil , Glarus , Goldswil , Gossau , Grachen , Grenchen , Grindelwald , Grisons , Gruyeres , Gryon , Guggisberg , Heiligenschwendi , Hergiswil , Horgen , Horn , Hunibach , Ingenbohl , Interlaken , Jura , Kandersteg , Kerns , Kleine Scheidegg , Klosters , Konolfingen , Kreuzlingen , Kusnacht , Kussnacht , La Chaux-de-Fonds , La Neuveville , Laax , Lachen , Lake Geneva , Lausanne , Lauterbrunnen , Lavaux , Le Locle , Lenk , Lenzburg , Lenzerheide , Les Brenets , Les Paccots , Les-Genveys-sur-Coffrane , L'Etivaz , Leukerbad , Leysin , Locarno , Lucerne , Lugano , Lungern , Maienfeld , Maloja , Martigny , Meiringen , Mendrisio , Minusio , Montana , Monthey , Montreux , Morges , Morschach , Muotathal , Muralto , Murren , Murten , Mustair , Neuchatel , Nidau , Nyon , Olten , Payerne , Pontresina , Quinto , Ramsen , Rapperswil , Rapperswil-Jona , Rheinfelden , Riederalp , Rigi Kaltbad , Romanshorn , Rorschach , Rossens , Rothenburg , Rougemont , Ruschlikon , Saanen , Saas-Almagell , Saas-Fee , Saas-Grund , Sachseln , Saint-Maurice , Samedan , Santa Maria Val Mustair , Sargans , Sarnen , Savognin , Schaffhausen , Schangnau , Schonenwerd , Schwyz , Scuol , Sedrun , Sierre , Sigriswil , Sils im Domleschg , Sils-Maria , Silvaplana , Sion , Solothurn , Spiez , Spreitenbach , St. Antonien , St. Gallen , St. Moritz , Stans , Steckborn , Stein Am Rhein , Sursee , Swiss Alps , Tasch , Thun , Thurgau , Ticino , Toggenburg , Uri , Uster , Valais , Valbella-Lenzerheide , Val-de-Ruz , Val-de-Travers , Vaud , Verbier , Vercorin , Vevey , Villars , Villars-sur-Ollon , Visp , Vitznau , Vuffflens Le Chateau , Waldhaus , Walzenhausen , Wasseramt , Weesen , Weggis , Wengen , Wilderswil , Wildhaus , Winterthur , Yverdon/Onnens , Yverdon-les-Bains , Zermatt , Zinal , Zug , Zuoz , Zurich , Zurzach , Zweisimmen
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